The creatures referred to as fays, fees, fairies and Faeries in Romance languages and English are by no means confined to Western European culture. Under one name or another they are found all over the world; however they are more frequently met in Europe and Asia, than in America and Africa.
Fairy creatures usually share the same general characteristics wherever they are found. They are usually diminutive, often very small but sometimes pygmy like. Faeries can become invisible at will, often by putting on a magical cap. Their dwelling is underground, in a burrow or under a hill, or in a heap of stones.
The following articles list the most prominent faeries of each culture, more creatures can be found on Monstropedia, the largest encyclopedia about monsters.